Renzo Piano is one of the greatest exponents of world architecture. Italian, was born in Genoa in 1947. His works are surprising due to the diversities of scales, materials and forms worked by him. Piano designs carry symbolism and their style of creation, considered by many to be high-tech architecture, also involves elements of mysticism and magic.
Most architects have their pre-defined styles. But what, then, does Renzo Piano differ from others? The quest to apply a set of coherent ideas to new projects in totally different ways, giving rise to incredible works – which makes it a great success in architecture.
BIOGRAPHY OF RENZO PIANO
Born in Genoa on September 14, 1937, Renzo Piano originates from a traditional family of builders from the region. However, his option was to study architecture, joining the School of Architecture of the Polytechnic Institute of Milan.
Piano was oriented and had as reference the teacher Franco Albini, architect neo-rationalist Italian. Its graduation occurred in 1964 and from there it was dedicated to a series of trips of studies in architecture by countries like United Kingdom and the United States. The tour lasted until 1970.
This year, Renzo Piano founded his first office along with the architect Richard Rogers – the “Piano & Rogers”. It was alongside Rogers that Piano created one of his most celebrated works, landmark of contemporary architecture in Paris – the Center Pompidou.
Since 1977, he has partnered with the architect Peter Rice in partnership at the “Piano & Rice” office which lasted until 1993 after Rice died. However, along with his work with Rice, Renzo Piano founded his own Renzo Piano Building Workshop in 1981. It is in this office that the architect develops works until today.
THE STYLE OF RENZO PIANO
The high-tech or high-tech architecture is a current of architecture that emerged in the mid-1970s. Its main purpose is to use advanced technology materials in buildings, as the name suggests. Some historians of architecture classify this style as a “late-modernism”. And this is the style commonly attributed to Renzo Piano’s architecture.
However, according to Piano, his only constant is: “the idea of making a building fly – creating something with zero gravity”. Perhaps because of this, the architect’s best works have transcendental characteristics. It is all closer to a “refined harmony than a virtuous exhibitionism” – according to the British newspaper The Guardian.
The Italian architect does not have, however, a differential in his work. A characteristic trait. And this is what makes him so praised. Each Piano project has unique, innovative and amazing features. The architect has the refined ability to reinvent himself!
Futuristic vs. Conservative
Despite the different ideas, they are coherent and logical. The antagonism to the existing one and the search for innovative structural solutions allied to the use of existing technologies are part of the Piano work. And all while respecting the specificities of each project.
Some works by Renzo Piano have futuristic aspects. It is common to use materials such as glass, lighting, metal and straight lines – even pointed to as high-tech architectural works. However, other works can be considered conservative and it is this condition of not falling into any category that makes him an example of plurality and reason to win several awards.
“As an architect you are a builder. Of course you are more than a builder. You must be a militant, a poet, a visionary, you must be an artist. But surely you have to be a builder. It all starts from there. “- In an interview with the BBC.
MAIN AWARDS RECEIVED BY RENZO PIANO
1989 – RIBA Gold Medal
1990 – Kyoto Prize in Arts and Philosophy
1995 – Erasmus Prize
1998 – Pritzker Prize
2002 – UIA Gold Medal
2008 – AIA Gold Medal
Some works of RENZO PIANO
Certainly the Center Pompidou, in Paris, is considered one of the greatest icons of Renzo Piano. However, several other works mark the career of this one that is a great name of contemporary Italian and world architecture
The work of the Italian Renzo Piano is very vast and goes far beyond these works demonstrated.